The Orton-Gillingham Approach

 

The Orton-Gillingham is an approach not a method. This means the O-G practitioner is flexible in the use of materials and the sequence of instruction. Classic Orton-Gillingham is an alternative, research-based, reading, writing and spelling curriculum designed specifically for dyslexic readers and others struggling with literacy skills.

  • Validated by scientific reading research sponsored by The National Institutes of Health and the National Academy of Sciences
  • Systematic - synthetic phonics emphasizes the alphabetic principle; phonemic awareness; phoneme segmentation and blending; reading comprehension; and reading fluency
  • Flexible and individualized – diagnostic/prescriptive teaching enables the tutor to adapt curricular elements to the needs of each student.
  • Effective for all ages – a skilled Orton-Gillingham tutor can help students achieve their potential and succeed in general education classes from grade school through college.
  • Success oriented – materials are presented in a direct instruction, multisensory format. Elements are introduced sequentially with cumulative review.
  • Skill building - starting with basics, the student moves toward mastery of intermediate, then advanced elements of written language. Reading and spelling accuracy improves, often dramatically, as students learn to utilize letter-sound correspondences, syllable division patterns and spelling generalizations to decode and spell words.
  • Integrated - reading and spelling are taught together using visual, auditory and kinesthetic modalities simultaneously.
  • Developed collaboratively - by a neuroscientist, a psychologist, a teacher and a circle of their colleagues. As an open source system, O-G is still evolving.
  • Adaptable - for small groups.

Several programs and materials adapted from Classic Orton-Gillingham principles are: Lexia Reading, Alphabetic Phonics, Language!, Project Read, Recipe for Reading, Slingerland, S.P.I.R.E., and Wilson Reading Program.

Most phonics based, remedial programs used in schools are NOT aligned with the Orton-Gillingham approach.